National Recording Project


Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Cale Cross


Type Building

     An open three-bay Roman Doric former conduit head. It stands facing north-east, within sight of the A1 behind a low wall. The metope is decorated with an ox skull in low relief flanked by two shields each carrying the emblem of the Newcastle Corporation. A lion couchant and two urn finials on top.
     Designed by the Newcastle architect David Stephenson, the Cale Cross was originally erected at the foot of the Side, Newcastle in 1783 at the expense of Sir Matthew White Ridley.(1) There it replaced a medieval shelter with a cross on top, a drawing of which is to be found at Alnwick Castle, (the name 'Cale' refers to the produce sold in the nearby market).(2) In 1807 in order to ease traffic congestion on the Side it was moved to its present site in the grounds of Blagdon Hall, the Ridleys' country seat where it functions as a purely decorative feature.(3)

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Stephenson, David Architect

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Building Sandstone 300cm high x 200cm long x 310cm wide approx
Recumbent lion Moulded concrete 80cm high x 150cm long x 30cm wide
Each urn Moulded concrete 90cm high

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
General condition Fair
Surface condition
  • Surface spalling, crumbling
Structural condition
Road A1
Precise location Blagdon Hall, 40m north of North Lodge
A-Z ref None
OS ref NZ775218
Date of design 1783
Year of unveiling 1807
Unveiling details Erected 1783; re-erected 1807
Commissioned by Sir Matthew White Ridley
Duty of care Viscount Ridley
Listing status II
At risk? No known risk

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