National Recording Project

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Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Monument to Sidney Gilchrist Thomas (Gilchrist Memorial)

Summary

Type Shaft

     Pink granite column and pedestal on a concrete platform. Square plan in three vertical sections, each bearing a bronze plaque. The plinth carries a plaque naming contributors to the memorial. The base has a plaque with rope mould surround and gives a description of the Gilchrists. The shaft has a relief bust of Gilchrist, with dates.
     Built to commemorate Sidney Gilchrist for his work in eliminating phosphorus in the Bessemer process. Originally sited at Forge Side alongside Gilchrist's laboratory.
    

Inscriptions

Inscription on bronze plaque on pedestal: THIS OBELISK HAS BEEN ERECTED / TO HONOUR THE MEMORY OF / SIDNEY GILCHRIST THOMAS / WHO WITH HIS COUSIN, / PERCY CARLYLE GILCHRIST, CARRIED OUT THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL/ EXPERIMENTS FOR THE REMOVAL OF / PHOSPHORUS FROM THE MOLTEN IRON / IN A BASIC-LINED BESSEMER CONVERTER / DURING THE PERIOD 1877-8, ON THIS SITE OF THE FORMER / BLAENAVON IRON AND STEEL CO. / THIS INVENTION PIONEERED THE BASIC BESSEMER OR THOMAS PROCESS AND / OTHER BASIC STEELMAKING PROCESSES / THROUGHOUT THE WORLD Inscription on bronze plaque on base of memorial: ERECTED IN JULY 1960 BY THE NEWPORT & DISTRICT / METALLURGICAL SOCIETY, (PRESIDENT G.H. LATHAM ESQ. J.P. LL.D. K.S. J.)/ IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE FROM / CONTRIBUTIONS BY THE STEEL AND IRON INDUSTRIES OF GREAT BRITAIN AND OTHER COUNTRIES Relief bronze plaque of Gilchrist on front of memorial with further bronze plaque beneath: 1850 - 1885

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Davies & Sons, Newport, H. Sculptor

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Whole work Pink granite and concrete 426cm high approx
None None None
None None None

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
TOR001 AH
General condition Good
Surface condition
  • Metallic staining
Structural condition
  • Cracks, splits, breaks, holes
Vandalism
  • None
Road North Road
Precise location Blaenavon Ironworks Museum car park
A-Z ref None
OS ref SO248091
Date of design None
Year of unveiling 1960
Unveiling details Unveiled July 1960
Commissioned by Newport and District Metallurgical Society
Duty of care Torfaen County Borough Council
Listing status II
At risk? No known risk

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