National Recording Project

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Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Battle of Gower Memorial Stone

Summary

Type Marker

     Large (4 tonne) stone set on raised bank on common.
     The memorial stone was the result of a two year campaign by the Battle of Gower Memorial Committee to draw attention to the battle. The stone was donated by Wottan Roadstone Ltd., Blaenyfan Quarry, Pontyates. It was unveiled by former Plaid Cymru president Dr. Gwynfor Evans.
     Based on 12th century accounts, the Battle of Gower took place when a Welsh army under the leadership of Hywel ap Maredudd of Brycheiniog met and defeated an Anglo-Norman force which was occupying Gower. The battle concluded on Garngoch Common with over five hundred men killed.

Inscriptions

Cut into front of stone and painted black: 1136 Inscription on slate plaque near stone: THIS STONE COMMEMORATES THE / BATTLE OF GOWER / JANUARY 1ST 1136 / A FORCE OF WELSHMEN LED BY / HYWEL AP MAREDUDD OF BRECONSHIRE / BATTLED TO DEFEAT AN ANGLO-NORMAN ARMY / MANY PERISHED WITH MUCH BLOODSHED / THIS SUGGESTS THE ORIGIN OF / THE COMMON'S NAME / 'GARN GOCH.' / "LAND WITHOUT HERITAGE - / LAND WITHOUT SOUL." Inscription on adjacent slate plaque: MAE'R GARREG HON YN COFFAU / BRWYDR GWYR / IONAWR 1AF 1136 / BRWYDRODD LLU O GYMRY O DAN ARWEINIAD / HYWEL AP MAREDUDD O FRYCHEINIOG / YN FUDDUGOLIAETHUS YN ERBYN BYDDIN / EINGL-NORMANAIDD / BU FARW LLAWER YN Y FRWYDR WAEDLID / TYBIR MAI DYNA DARDDIAD ENW COMIN / 'GARN GOCH.' / "GWLAD HEB ETIFEDDIAETH- / GWLAD HEB ENAID."

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Known, Not ---

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Whole work Stone 226cm high x 190cm wide x 50cm deep

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
SWANSEA010 AH
General condition Good
Surface condition
  • Biological growth
Structural condition
  • Other
Vandalism
  • None
Road None
Precise location On Garngoch Common, close to Garngoch Hospital
A-Z ref None
OS ref SS614976
Date of design None
Year of unveiling 1986
Unveiling details 1st March 1986
Commissioned by Battle of Gower Memorial Committee
Duty of care None
Listing status Not listed
At risk? No known risk

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