National Recording Project


Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Alleluia Monument


Type Shaft

     Taken from CADW report: 'Stone obelisk on a square stone plinth supported by repaired rubble base. The N side of the base of the obelisk has an inscription in Latin. The remains of iron cramps are set in the faces of the upper part of the obelisk.'
     The monument was erected in 1736 by Nehemiah Griffith of Rhual, a member of the local gentry who was influenced by the contemporary fashion for antiquarianism and Celtic Romanticism.
     The monument was erected to commemorate victory of the Christian Celts led by Bishop Germanus over Picts and Saxons in 429 AD. The name derives from the story that the Christian forces shouted 'Alleluia' three times before the battle and this, amplified by the surrounding hills, was sufficient to cause the larger heathen forces to panic.


Incised on north side of obelisk (NB: inscription worn in places): AD ANNUM / CCCCXX / Saxones Picriq Bellum adverfus / Britones juildis viribus susciperunt / In Hac Regione Hodieq MAES GARMON / appellata cum in Praedium defcenditur / Apostolicis Britonum Ducibus GERMINO / et LUPO CHRISTUS militabat in Castris / ALLELUIA tertio repetrium exclamabant / Hostile Agmen Terrore prosternitur / Triumphant / Ho ibus Fu s sinc Sanguine / Palma Fide non Viribus obtenta / M P / in VICTORUE ALLELUIATICAE memoria / N G / MDCCXXXVI

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Known, Not ---

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Whole work Stone 488cm high approx

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
General condition Fair
Surface condition
  • Biological growth
Structural condition
  • Loose elements
  • Cracks, splits, breaks, holes
  • Surface damage
Road None
Precise location Situated on brow of hill in Maesgarmon field south of the Mold/Gwernaffield by-road 250m SE of Rhual
A-Z ref None
OS ref SJ223647
Date of design None
Year of unveiling 1736
Unveiling details 1736
Commissioned by Nehemiah Griffith of Rhual
Duty of care None
Listing status II
At risk? No known risk

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