National Recording Project


Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009



Type Mural

     Six carved and painted figurative panels with smaller panels on either side. Information taken from panel at site: 1) Caradog, or Caractacus, leader of the Silures was defeated by the Romans around AD 51. 2) The Romans began building the camp at Caerleon in AD 75. It was occupied by the Second Augustan Legion. The soldier depicted is identified by the legionary mark LEG II Aug. 3) After the defeat of Harold by William the Conqueror, Gwent was occupied by the Normans, represented on the mural by a Norman soldier. 4) The 12th century writer Giraldus refers to the warlike aptitude of the Welsh. Wales became a recruiting ground for soldiers following the annexation of Wales by Edward I. 5) Depicted is a Monk from Llantarnam Abbey which was established in the 12th century. 6) A miner representing one of the industries of the area. The Cwmbran coal mine was opened in 1879. In the early 19th century the Patent Nut and Bolt Co. was producing iron in this area. This company was subsequently bought by Guest, Keen and Nettlefold. The smaller panels either side of the figures portray the many castle and rivers of Gwent, the Bessemer Steel Converter and the tools of the builders of the town. The Red Dragon of Cadwalader was carried by the Yeomen of Henry VII's guard at Bosworth Field when he defeated Richard III and became the first Tudor King.
     The murals were presented to the town of Cwmbran in 1974 by the Cwmbran Arts Trust.

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Collins, Henry Sculptor

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Murals Stone None

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
General condition Good
Surface condition
  • No damage
Structural condition
  • Other
  • None
Road Gwent Square
Precise location On exterior wall of Gwent House
A-Z ref 49 3E
OS ref None

Sorry, we have no precise geographical information for this item.

Date of design None
Year of unveiling 1974
Unveiling details 1974
Commissioned by Cwmbran Arts Trust
Duty of care None
Listing status Not listed
At risk? No known risk

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