National Recording Project


Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Copper Flame


Type Sculpture

     Taken from SITES: Public Art in Swansea 1985 - 1990: ' 'Zeta Mnemonical and Copper Flame do perform certain functions; they mark the Seagate, indicate wind direction and provide raised seating. They memorialise a period in time when copper ore was transported by sea from South American ports to Swansea for smelting. Beaten copper forms an important element of both monuments. Copper Flame symbolises the transformation of ore to metal by fire; fire manifested as flame is associated with inspiration and enlightenment. The beaten copper flame functions as a weathervane, while the circular ceramic panels are designed sequentially to relate to the forces of nature (force 1 to force 8) and the resulting states of the seas. The panels were biscuit-fired to 900 c and glazed with semi-matt lead based glaze, stained predominantly with copper and also some cobalt to mute the colour.'
     Taken from SITES - Public Art in Swansea 1985-1990: 'Public Art and Enhancement in Swansea was initiated as a programme in 1984 to humanise and uplife new central area developments, particularly the Maritime Quarter ... The policy of using art and craft to improve the quality of life was adopted as a 'percent' blueprint in 1990; this provides site specific artworks as an intrinsic element of major developments. The Enhancement programme has been featured at seminars, international conferences, and in publications on public art; the Maritime Quarter development has received several awards, including Civic Trust Award, R.I.C.S. Inner City Award and Europa Nostra Award.'
     The work is on the National Cycle Network

Related works : There are many other public works of art in the central and marina areas of Swansea: contact City and County of Swansea (Planning Department) for further information.

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Rowe, Andrew Metal worker
Williams, Martin Sculptor
Campbell, Robin Designer
Grunewald, Theo Metal worker

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Copper Flame Stone, copper, ceramic None

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
General condition Good
Surface condition
  • Metallic staining
Structural condition
  • Broken, missing parts
  • Structural damage
Road Marine Walk
Precise location Close to the Marriot Hotel
A-Z ref None
OS ref None

Sorry, we have no precise geographical information for this item.

Date of design 1988
Year of unveiling None
Unveiling details None
Commissioned by Swansea City Council
Duty of care None
Listing status Not listed
At risk? No known risk

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