National Recording Project

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Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Trophy Gates

Summary

     Inner gateposts: Figures of a crowned lion and unicorn with collar and chain, standing on their hind legs, their heads turned outwards towards the street, each holding in their front hooves/paws the Hanoverian coat of arms (belt encircling a shield adorned with 4 panels of fleur de lys, lions, unicorns and harps bearing a female torso, surmounted by a crown). Outer gateposts: (2) Layered arrangement of war trophies, each containing an armour plated Roman tunic, helmet, shield, standard, sheath of arrows, axe head, trumpet, bow and spiked club. Composition of subsidiary elements in each case reverses the other, and top of helmet in left hand trophy (from front) surmounted by a crouching dragon.
     Gibbons was employed continuously by Christopher Wren on the sculptural and carved decoration of Hampton Court c1689-94. Most of his finished work is in the interior and many designs were unexecuted. Repairs were carried out on the sculptures 1922-6 and 1939.
     Royal coat of arms and celebration of military victories.

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Gibbons, Grinling Sculptor
Oliver, John Foundry worker

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Lion and Unicorn Bronze 120 cms (h) x 120 cms (w) x 90 cms (d) all approx.
2 sets of trophies Bronze 20 cms (h) x 90 cms (w) x 90 cms (d) all approx.

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
RH103 SWL
General condition Good
Surface condition
Structural condition
  • None
Vandalism
  • None
Road Hampton Court Road
Precise location Main gate, West Front, Hampton Court Palace
A-Z ref p. 20, A 1
OS ref None

Sorry, we have no precise geographical information for this item.

Date of design 1701
Year of unveiling 1701
Unveiling details July (Lion & Unicorn), November (Trophies), 1701
Commissioned by Christopher Wren?
Duty of care Royal Collections
Listing status Don't know
At risk? No known risk

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