National Recording Project


Detail from: Memorial to 158 Squadron by Peter W. Naylor, 2009

Allegories of the Arts, Sciences and Industry


Type Other

     These long detailed reliefs illustrate the purpose of the art gallery building. On the right hand side of the museum entrance nine male figures dressed in classical robes represent Sculpture; one carves a sphinx, another holds a carved bust, a third a statuette. On the left side of the entrance eight classically draped female figures represent the Arts; one models a Classical vase, another holds a palette, two work on a canvas mounted on an easel, and another pair hold scrolls. On the side of the museum two longer reliefs represent Industries and the Sciences. The Industries are represented by seventeen male figures dressed in contemporaryl work clothing. They include glassmaking, a book binder, two blacksmiths with customers dressed in contemporary clothing, a stonemason, workers in wrought iron, locksmiths, a potter who models an elaborate vase and then at the far right hand side the designer. The Sciences are represented by male figures in classical garments. They include two figures representing Architecture who stand in front of a Classical building; a group representing Geometry, one of whom inscribes a geometrical figure on the wall; Medicine holding a caduceus; Chemistry, who stands in front of some scientific apparatus; Geography, represented by several figures, one holding a map and standing by a theodolite, the other two discussing the globe in front of them; Engineering who holds a governor and stands in front of a large cogwheel; and Navigation who holds a sextant.
     In 1881 a fund was created for the building of an art gallery for Wolverhampton. On 7 November 1884 the Mayor of Wolverhampton received an anonymous donation of £5000. At the opening of the gallery the donor was revealed as Philip Horsman, Wolverhampton based industrialist, who paid the total cost of the building totalling £8500.

Contributor details

Contributor Role
Chatwin, Julius Alfred Architect
Boulton & Sons of Cheltenham, Richard Lockwood Sculptor
Horsman and Co, None Builder

Element details

Part of work Material Dimensions
Reliefs x 2 Portland stone 2m x 8m
Reliefs x 2 Portland stone 2m x 16m

PMSA recording information

Reference Region
WMwvWVxx009 BM
General condition Good
Surface condition
  • Accretions
  • Bird guano
Structural condition
  • None
  • None
Road Lichfield Street
Precise location On Art Gallery façade, and side wall of St Peter's Close
A-Z ref 29 1H
OS ref None

Sorry, we have no precise geographical information for this item.

Date of design 1883-1885
Year of unveiling 1883-1885
Unveiling details 1883-1885
Commissioned by None
Duty of care Wolverhampton Metropolitan Borough Council
Listing status II*
At risk? No known risk

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