Monument to Major General Sir Henry Havelock
A giant representation of Havelock, showing him in his general's uniform, wearing the insignia of the Order of Bath. His right hand grips his sword, whilst his left holds a telescope which rests on his hip.
Paid for by public subscription, the 2½ ton statue was erected on 5th April 1861, being the late Sir Henry's birthday. It was officially inaugurated on 21st May, in front of 'the greatest multitude of people that ever assembled' in Sunderland. Lady Havelock was reported to approve of the 'fine and bold' profile, which was said to credit the sculptor's art.(3) Another source records the statue's countenance as being 'striking and impressive, a very accurate likeness, and the hero has his eyes turned towards the place of his birth'.(4)
Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857) was born at Bishop-Wearmouth. He was a devoutly religious soldier who served mostly in India, but also Europe and Persia. Previously unknown despite publishing some memoirs of the Afghan war, his role in crushing the Indian mutiny of 1857 earned him considerable press in England. He was held up as an example of military excellence and devout character, becaming a popular hero, which led to him being created knight then baron in late 1857. Upon hearing of his death in Lucknow due to dysentry, parliament unanimously voted a £1000 annuity to his widow.(1) A bust was placed in Guildhall and a statue funded by public subscription was erected in Trafalgar Square.(2)
Incised on front (west) of dado, incised lettering: HAVELOCK.
Incised on front of plinth, incised lettering: BORN 5. APRIL 1795 / AT FORD HALL / BISHOPWEARMOUTH / DIED 24. NOVEMBER 1857 / AT DIL-KOOSHA / LUCKNOW.
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