Sculpture made from bands of steel oxidised dark brown. The main shape spirals up to a sphere at the top and a further half-sphere is set at the bottom of the structure. The sculpture stands on an area of gravel-chip-covered concrete.
In its way reminiscent of Tatlin's Monument to the Third International, 231 was intended as a 'monument to new employment' and a symbol of the development of Cramlington's trading estates. Its interlocking forms were said by the artist to represent pit wheels or other turning gear and the overall shape to suggest 'power-energy, dynamics, movement, expansion, space and time'.(1)
Costing £15,000 231 was funded by Northern Arts, ABSA and British Coal Enterprise.(2) Fabrication was undertaken by AMARC and Peter Johnston Ltd, a firm that usually manufactures North Sea pipelines: 'It is all the same to us, pipes or art' the company's financial director commented, 'just as long as it is a commercial proposition we will take it on.'(3)
PMSA recording information